The cradle of one of the globe’s greatest civilizations ever
Rome is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and artistic treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, the beauty of its panoramic views, and the majesty of its magnificent “villas.” Among the most significant resources are the many museums – Musei Capitolini, the Vatican Museums and the Galleria Borghese and others dedicated to modern and contemporary art – aqueducts, fountains, churches, palaces, historical buildings, the monuments and ruins of the Roman Forum, and the Catacombs.
The historic centre of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With wonderful palaces, millennium-old churches, grand romantic ruins, opulent monuments, ornate statues and graceful fountains. Rome has an immensely rich historical heritage and cosmopolitan atmosphere, making it one of Europe’s and the world’s most visited, famous, influential and beautiful capitals.
Rome is a major archaeological hub, and one of the world’s main of archaeological research. Containing numerous ancient sites, including the Forum Romanum, Trajan’s Market, Trajan’s Forum, the Colosseum, and the Pantheon, to name but a few. The Colosseum, arguably one of Rome’s most iconic archaeological sites, is regarded as a Wonder of the World.
Campania is not only an idyllic destination but it’s also home to one of the most famous of all Roman places
In Naples you will find a vibrant city with plenty to see and do, a city where the large influx of tourists like in Rome, Venice, Florence have not happened and have thus allowed the city to retain much of its original culture, allowing you to visit a hidden gem just 2 hours south of Rome. Its territory, particularly the iconic sight of the gulf of Naples is arguably one of the most powerful symbolic images of Italy.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city whose incredibly well-preserved ruins now form a popular UNESCO World Heritage site. Yet beyond this ill-fated ancient metropolis there’s a wealth of other great sites which can be explored in the region.
Legend of Rome
The Roman Empire was a period of the ancient Roman civilization headed by emperors, and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa, and Asia.
Traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of myth and legend. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, the twins who were suckled by a she-wolf. They decided to build a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed his brother. According to the Roman annalists, this happened on 21 April 753 BC.
This legend had to be reconciled with a dual tradition, set earlier in time, that had the Trojan refugee Aeneas escape to Italy and found the line of Romans through his son Iulus, the namesake of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. This was accomplished by the Roman poet Virgil in the first century BC.
The Roman Empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military force in the world
It was the largest empire of the Classical antiquity period, and one of the largest empires in world history. At its height under Trajan, it covered 5 million square kilometers and held sway over some 70 million people, at that time, 21% of the world’s entire population. The longevity and vast extent of the Empire ensured the lasting influence of Latin language, culture, religion, inventions, architecture, philosophy, law and forms of government on the Empire’s descendants.
Throughout the European medieval period, attempts were even made to establish successors to the Roman Empire, including the Crusader state, the Empire of Romania and the Holy Roman Empire. By means of European expansionism through the Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch, Italian, German, British, Belgian empires, Roman culture was spread on a worldwide scale, playing a significant role in the development of the modern world.
The Roman Empire • Locations & Activities