From the awesome ancient cities to the gorgeous colonial palaces, through the superb museums and deep-rooted traditions

Mexico’s ever-present past will never fail to enrich your journey. Based on the history of the Aztec Empire, in what is now Mexico, that ruled the area in and around the Valley of Mexico from 1428 until they were defeated by the Spanish conquistadores and their native allies under Hernán Cortés in 1521. Travel in Mexico is a fascinating encounter with this unique story and the modern country that it has produced.

Aztec Empire

Visit Mexico’s grandest archaeological site, Teotihuacán

Teotihuacán was built by the Nahua. The sixth largest city in the world in 400 A.D., Teotihuacán was mysteriously abandoned 300 years later, centuries before the Aztec occupation.

Visit the Jaguar Palace and the Temple of the Plumed Conch Shells. See the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. Walk the Avenue of the Dead, flanked by temples and palaces. Visit to the National Palace. See the murals of Mexico’s great artist, Diego Rivera. These colorful murals cover Mexico’s pre-Columbian Indian history, the colonial period and the Revolution. Next, drive by Mexico City’s main square and Cathedral. Visit Mexico City’s National Museum of Anthropology in Chapultepec Park. See archaeological treasures of pre-Hispanic civilizations, including the Toltec, Mexica, Aztec, Zapotec, Mixtec, Olmec and Mayan. See the immense Aztec Calendar Stone.

Valley of Mexico – At its height, the Aztec controlled an empire that covered most of central Mexico as well as some more distant lands. From the 13th century, the Valley of Mexico was the heart of Aztec civilization. The city of Tenochtitlan, was built upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco. At its pinnacle Aztec culture had rich and complex mythological and religious traditions, as well as reaching remarkable architectural and artistic accomplishments.

Aztec culture and history is primarily known through archaeological evidence found in excavations such as that of the renowned Templo Mayor in Mexico City; from indigenous bark paper codices; from eyewitness accounts by Spanish conquistadors such as Hernán Cortés and Bernal Díaz del Castillo; And especially from 16th and 17th century descriptions of Aztec culture and history written by Spanish clergymen and literate Aztecs in the Spanish or Nahuatl language, such as the famous Florentine Codex compiled by the Franciscan monk Bernardino de Sahagún with the help of indigenous Aztec informants.

Below are links to more travel information such as locations, what to see and do, activities, how to get there, and a history of the myth and legend. Use custom search engine to find your bookings.


The Aztec Empire   •   Locations & Activities


• Mexico City

• Teotihuacán

• History